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Restraining Order Attorney San Diego


Unfortunately, many relationships end in the most explosive manner. Where violence or threats of violence exist, the Court has the power to grant restraining orders to assist individuals in protecting themselves. In such cases, the priority must always be the protection of one’s own safety. It is important to act quickly because delay can affect your entitlement to such an order.

If you are the subject of a TRO, it is imperative that you take immediate action as well and consult with an attorney. A hearing for a permanent restraining order will soon follow, and its issuance can severely impact public, private and personal activities. Back ground checks, state licensure, and gun rights are all affected by permanent orders, and the violation of any type of restraining order is a criminal offense.

Whether you are the victim of abuse or harassment, or have been wrongly served with a restraining order, time is of the essence. San Diego Restraining Order lawyer George H. Ramos, Jr. has significant experience in both obtaining and defending against restraining orders, and will get started on your case immediately. Contact us today!


A restraining order is a protective court order making it unlawful for the individual served, or named as the aggressor, to have any type of contact, communication, or surveillance of the protected party named in the restraining order, or TRO (temporary restraining order). Stalking, domestic violence, abuse and harassment charges are cases in which restraining orders are most commonly served.


There are four types of restraining orders available to help individuals in need of protection:

Domestic Violence Restraining Orders

Domestic violence restraining orders are issued to protect individuals who have suffered abuse or threats of abuse by someone with whom the individual has a close relationship or whom is a close relative. Close relationships include marriage or registered domestic partnerships, divorce, separation, dating (or used to date), having a child together, and living together (or used to live together). For cases in which individuals are merely roommates, domestic violence restraining orders are not applicable.

If you have questions regarding domestic violence, contact our San Diego Domestic Violence Attorney George H. Ramos, Jr. today for a free consultation with a spousal abuse lawyer. We are available to take appointments days, evenings, and weekends.

Civil Harassment Restraining Orders

Civil harassment restraining orders are issued to protect individuals who have been harassed, stalked, abused or threatened by someone with whom the individual does not have as close a relationship as is required for a domestic violence restraining order. This includes roommates, neighbors, co-workers and extended family members such as cousins, aunts, uncles, nieces and nephews.

Elder or Dependent Adult Abuse Restraining Orders

Elder or dependent adult abuse restraining orders protect individuals who are either 65 or older, or are between the ages of 18 and 64 and have certain mental or physical disabilities inhibiting their ability to do normal activities or protect themselves. A restraining order may be obtained if the individual has been the victim of physical, psychological, or financial abuse, neglect or abandonment, or deprivation by a caregiver of basic things or services needed to prevent physical, mental or emotional suffering.

Workplace Violence Restraining Order

An employer may request a workplace violence restraining order to protect an employee who has suffered stalking, serious harassment, violence, or a credible threat of violence at the workplace. An employee cannot ask for a workplace violence restraining order on his or her own. Instead, employees wanting to protect themselves must seek civil harassment or domestic violence restraining orders.


The term, or effective length, of a restraining order can last for a period as short as several days up to a term of several years. There are three levels of protection for an individual who obtains one of the four types of restraining orders. The level of protection depends on the specifics of the case and determines the maximum effective length of the restraining order.

Emergency Protective Order (EPO)

An emergency protective order is most commonly requested by police officers for domestic violence cases. They are issued by “on-call” judges in cases of emergency, when an officer suspects that an individual is in danger. The order takes effect immediately and lasts up to seven days. Further protection requires the individual to request a temporary or permanent restraining order.

Temporary Restraining Order (TRO)

A temporary restraining order is a preliminary restraining order issued by a judge until the case can be heard, and the need for a protective measure can be validated and justified. The effective term for a temporary restraining order is typically two to three weeks, or until the case can be scheduled so the defendant can testify and contest the order.

In California, TRO’s are usually issued on the word of the person seeking protection and may be obtain upon a showing of reasonable proof of harassment and an immediate danger of great or irreparable harm. The term “harassment” refers to unlawful violence, a credible threat of unlawful violence, or a knowing and willful course of conduct that seriously alarms or annoys a person and serves no legitimate purpose. Such conduct must be sufficient to cause a reasonable person to suffer substantial emotional distress, and must actually cause substantial emotion distress to the individual seeking protection.

Permanent Restraining Order

A permanent restraining order is issued by the court after a hearing is conducted and the judge determines that extended protection is necessary. The standard of proof depends on the type of restraining order requested, and both parties are given the opportunity to be heard.

Permanent restraining orders can last up to five years, however, if there is no termination date on the order, the order will last three years from the date it was issued. During the last three months of the restraining order, the protected person may request to have the order extended or made permanent.


While restraining order applications include instructions for completion, the paperwork, procedures, and deadlines can be overwhelming. Due to the sensitive and potentially dangerous nature of domestic violence and stalking cases, it is strongly advised that the matter be handled by a qualified and experienced attorney to help ensure that measures for your protection and safety are granted and upheld.

Filing Requests

At George H. Ramos, Jr. & Associates, our experienced San Diego Restraining Order attorney will assist you in the completion of all forms to ensure adequate and appropriate information is provided and instantly make the request for the restraining order(s) with the court on your behalf.

If immediate protection is necessary, a request for a TRO will be made that same day, and the judge is required to make a decision on that application the same business day. Upon receiving your application requesting a permanent restraining order, the court will schedule a hearing date. If the TRO has been issued, it will remain in effect until the date of the hearing. At the law firm of George H. Ramos, Jr. & Associates, your safety is our priority.

Notice Requirements

Temporary restraining orders are not enforceable unless the restrained individual receives notice. Furthermore, a judge cannot issue a permanent restraining order unless the opposing party is properly served with copies of all documents filed with the court and put on notice of the scheduled hearing.

San Diego Restraining Order attorney George H. Ramos, Jr. will ensure that the opposing party is properly served on all matters requiring notice and that proof of service is filed with the court in order to guarantee the enforceability of a TRO and to make sure that your rightful request for a permanent restraining order is not denied due to a procedural error.

The Court Hearing

On the day of your scheduled hearing for the permanent restraining order, the facts are litigated before the judge. This means all parties testify under oath, with George H. Ramos, Jr., cross-examining the opposing side. After both parties are given the opportunity to be heard, the judge will decided whether to grant the order as well as the types of restrictions to include and the order’s effective length. San Diego Restraining Order attorney George H. Ramos, Jr. will be right by your side, aggressively representing you to ensure not only that the order is granted, but also, that the protection of the order is to the extent you want and need.

If you are the victim of abuse or harassment, contact George H. Ramos, Jr. & Associates now to obtain court ordered protection that could potentially save your life.


Yes. Once the Court has approved a request for a restraining order, the protected person(s) can enforce the order by reporting every violation to the Court and law enforcement agency with jurisdiction over the case. The stay away order will be of no use unless it is enforced by reporting violations to authorities. If a person ordered to stay away from an individual named as protected in a restraining order is within the restricted vicinity and the police are summoned, the defendant WILL be arrested and taken to jail. A restraining order violation is a serious criminal offense and is punishable by jail time, fines, anger management classes, mandatory counseling, and an additional charge of contempt of court could be applicable. If you have been accused of violating a restraining order, contact our experienced San Diego restraining order attorney today.


Given the sensitive and serious nature of restraining orders, it is wise to consult with a San Diego defense lawyer. Speaking with the proper lawyer will inform you of your rights as well as preserve any possible remedies you may have.

While restraining orders are valuable tools necessary to protect victims of abuse or harassment, many times they are wrongly issued against individuals innocent of conduct that would warrant such an order. However, even if you have been unjustly served with a TRO, it is imperative that you still abide by all restrictions, because the order will stay effective until the date of your court hearing.

Filing a Response

After being served with a TRO, it is important to respond. This allows the judge to hear your side of the story prior to the hearing. At George H. Ramos, Jr. & Associates, our experienced San Diego Restraining Order attorney will file a response on your behalf, challenge each allegation, line by line, in the most effective manner. Upon filing your response with the court, he will also ensure that the petitioner is properly served with the response in accordance with required procedure.

The Court Hearing

The 14th Amendment guarantees your right to a court hearing before a temporary restraining order can become permanent. However, if you are on notice of the hearing and fail appear, the permanent restraining order may be granted and entered by default. Therefore, it is in your best interests to be present at the hearing.

For each type of restraining order, there are different elements that must be proven. The petitioner carries the burden of meeting the standard of proof required for the issuance of that order. Domestic violence restraining orders require a preponderance of the evidence, and civil harassment restraining orders require clear and convincing evidence.

During the hearing, you will also be given the opportunity to be heard and to cross-examine witnesses. Having an attorney present to advocate on your behalf can significantly impact the outcome of the hearing. San Diego Restraining Order attorney George H. Ramos, Jr. is a seasoned defense attorney with substantial experience and a thorough knowledge of restraining orders. Given his qualifications, he has the ability to both aggressively and effectively rebut the petitioner’s case and provide you with the best defense available.

The outcome of a hearing on a permanent restraining order can potentially affect the next five years of your life, and if the order is extend the negative impact could last even longer. Don’t take the risk. Contact George H. Ramos, Jr. & Associates to ensure that you get the defense you need. We offer free consultations and speak both English and Spanish.

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